WordPress Security: How to Secure Your Website from Hackers

wordpress-security-how-to-secure-website-from-hackers

If you are running a WordPress website, it is important to secure it from hackers. WordPress is always a popular target for hackers because many websites use it. 

This blog post will discuss the best ways to secure your website from hackers. We will also explain some common WordPress security issues and why it is important to secure your website. And show you how to secure your website from the server-side, inside WordPress, and steps to hardening security.

WordPress security is important for many reasons. First, WordPress is a popular target for hackers. Millions of websites use WordPress, so hackers often target it because they know there is a good chance of finding a vulnerability and exploiting it. Second, WordPress is not as secure as it could be. Several security issues have been found in WordPress, many of which have not been fixed. It means that your website is at risk if you run an older WordPress version.  

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Finally, even if you are running the latest version of WordPress, there are still many things that you can do to make your website more secure. For example, you can install security plugins and take other steps to harden your website’s security.

How much safe WordPress is

Even though WordPress is not as safe as it could be, it is still a relatively safe platform. The main reason is that many people use WordPress, and hackers are likelier to go after easier targets. 

Additionally, there are some security plugins available that can help to secure your website. And finally, by taking some simple steps to harden your security, you can make your WordPress website much more secure. So overall, WordPress is a safe platform to use, but it is important to take some security precautions. Otherwise, you end up putting your website at risk.

Most known common WordPress Security Issues

There are several WordPress security issues that you need to be aware of. Hackers often target WordPress because it is a popular platform, and several security vulnerabilities have been found.

Additionally, WordPress is not as secure as it could be, and there are things that you can do to make your website more secure. 

This section will discuss some common WordPress security issues and how you can protect your website from them.

  • Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
  • Database Injections
  • Backdoors
  • Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attacks
  • Phishing
  • Hotlinking
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For example, you should always ensure that your WordPress installation is up to date. Whenever a new version of WordPress is released, it includes security fixes for any vulnerabilities that have been discovered. Keeping your WordPress installation up to date can help protect your website from hackers.

1. Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)

One most common WordPress security issue is cross-site scripting (XSS). It is an attack where a hacker injects malicious code into your website.

This code will then be executed by the browser of any visitors to your website and can allow the hacker to steal data or take control of the visitor’s account.

2. Database Injections

Another common issue is database injections, where a hacker can inject malicious code into your database. Which allows them to access sensitive data or even delete your entire database.

3. Backdoors

Backdoors are another security issue that you need to be aware of. A backdoor is a code that allows a hacker to access your website without logging in. 

They can do anything they want on your website, including stealing data or taking control of the site.

4. Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attacks

Denial-of-service (DoS) attacks are the type of attacks used to take down a WordPress website.

In a DoS attack, the hacker overloads the server with traffic, causing it to crash makes your website unavailable to visitors.

5. Phishing

Phishing is another security issue that you need to be aware of. Phishing is when a hacker pretends to be someone else to trick you into giving them sensitive information.

They may send you an email that looks like it is from your bank, for example, and ask you to log in to their website. When you do, they will steal your login details.

6. Hotlinking

Hotlinking is a problem that can cause security issues for WordPress websites. Hotlinking is when someone else links to an image or file on your website. That uses up your bandwidth and causes your server to crash.

You can use a plugin like Hotlink Protection to protect your website from hotlink Protection.

How to harden your WordPress website security

WordPress websites need to be secured from hackers. There are different ways to do this, but some of the best ways include securing the website are

  • From the server-side (without plugin)
  • Inside WordPress (without plugin)
  • Using security plugins (recommended)
  • Add extra security measures like login security.

These steps can help ensure that your WordPress website is more secure from hackers.

From the server-side

  • Use Secure WordPress hosting
  • Enable SSL/HTTPS
  • Change your database file prefix
  • Update to the latest version of PHP

1. Use secure WordPress hosting

When securing your WordPress website, it is important to ensure that your hosting is secure. You can do this by using a secure WordPress hosting service. That means your website will be hosted on a server protected from hackers.

You can also use a managed WordPress hosting service, so someone else will take care of securing your website for you.

Managed WordPress hosting

Managed WordPress hosting is a great way to secure your website. With this type of hosting, you can rely on experts to keep your website safe from hackers.

They will do this by securing the server and installing security plugins. That helps to keep your website safe from attacks and ensure that your data is protected.

There are some managed WordPress hosting service providers that can help you to secure your website. 

Some of the best providers include WP Engine, FlyWheel, and SiteGround. These providers offer a range of services, including securing your website from hackers, installing security plugins, and keeping your website up to date.

They also offer customer support if you need help securing your website.

  • 1. WP Engine
  • 2. Cloudways
  • 3. SiteGround
  • 4. Flywheel
  • 5. Pagely
  • 6. MediaTemple
  • 7. Pantheon
  • 8. Kinsta
  • 9. Pressidium
  • 10. Synthesis

Are you looking for managed WordPress hosting? You should consider using one of the above mentioned providers. They can help to keep your website safe and secure from hackers. 

2. Enable SSL/HTTPS

To keep you safe from hackers, you need to enable SSL/HTTPS to protect your website from attacks and ensure your data is safe and secure.

Why SSL/HTTPS required

SSL/HTTPS is a security protocol that encrypts the data sent between your website and the user’s browser to keep your data safe from being intercepted by hackers.

How to secure a WordPress site with HTTPS

You must install an SSL certificate to enable SSL/HTTPS on your WordPress website. 

An SSL certificate is a file that contains information about your website and your company. This information is used to encrypt the data that is sent between your website and the user’s browser.

You can install an SSL certificate on the WordPress website using a plugin or adding code to your .htaccess file. If you are unsure, contact your WordPress hosting provider.

How to get Free SSL for your WordPress

First, check your hosting providers and their plan. Top WP hosting companies listed below offer hosting plans with free SSL certificates. Check their plans and terms

  • 1. Bluehost
  • 2. SiteGround
  • 3. HostGator
  • 4. WPEngine
  • 5. Dreamhost
  • 6. InMotion Hosting
  • 7. GreenGeeks
  • 8. Hostinger

Update to the latest version of PHP on your server

WordPress recommends updating to the latest version of PHP for security reasons. Older versions of PHP have known vulnerabilities that hackers can exploit. 

Updating to the latest version of PHP ensures that your website is as secure as possible. There are a few ways to update your version of PHP. You can contact your web host and ask them to update your version of PHP. 

Alternatively, you can update your version of PHP yourself. You can find instructions on the WordPress website.

Once you have updated your PHP version, you can do a few other things to secure your WordPress website further. Install security plugin Wordfence or Sucuri. These plugins will help to secure your website from hackers.

Following these steps can help secure your WordPress website from hackers. Keep your website updated and secure to help protect your business from potential cyber threats.

3. Change the database file prefix to replace wp_

A database file prefix is an added layer of security for your WordPress website. When you install WordPress, a default database file prefix is automatically created. This prefix is visible to anyone who knows where to look. A hacker who knows your database file prefix can easily access your website’s data.

You should change your database file prefix to help protect your website’s data. It is a simple process that can be done through your WordPress dashboard. Once you have changed your database file prefix, update your wp-config.php file accordingly.

Changing your database file prefix adds an extra layer of security to your WordPress website.

Security Hardening from Inside WordPress

One of the best ways to harden the security of your WordPress website is to take steps from within the WordPress dashboard. You can modify many plugins and settings to help secure your website

  • WordFence
  • Sucuri Security
  • BulletProof Security
  • All in One WP Security & Firewall

Install one or more security plugins

As a very first step, install a security plugin. A plugin like iThemes Security or WordFence can help secure your website by adding features like two-factor authentication and malware scanning.

Enable a firewall

Installing a firewall on your WordPress website is another important security step. A firewall helps to prevent unauthorized access to your website and can also help to protect your website from malware and other threats. Several firewall plugins are available, such as Jetpack, WordFence, and iThemes Security.

Use a secure WordPress theme

Using a secure WordPress theme is an important step when securing your WordPress website. A secure WordPress theme will have been tested for security vulnerabilities, including proper file permissions and password protection. When choosing a WordPress theme, be sure to research to find a secure theme that fits your needs.

Hide or disable potential WP defaults that help hackers

When securing your WordPress website, it’s important to consider hiding potential default details like

  • WordPress version
  • WordPress login URL
  • Disable your xmlrpc.php file
  • Disable file editing in the WordPress dashboard
  • Filter out special characters from user input

Hiding your WordPress version makes it more difficult for hackers to determine which vulnerabilities they can exploit. There are many ways to hide your WordPress version, including using a security plugin or adding code to your wp-config.php file.

One way to make it more difficult for hackers to attack your WordPress website is to secure the WordPress login page by changing the default URL. The default login URL is where users can log in to your WordPress site. By default, this address is www.yourwebsite.com/wp-login.php, but you can easily change it to

something more difficult to guess. Some plugins can help you change your login URL, or you can add code to your .htaccess file.

Another way is to hide the fact that you’re using WordPress. Hackers often target WordPress websites because they know that many website owners use WordPress, and they exploit vulnerabilities that are specific to WordPress. One way to help secure your WordPress website is to use a security plugin like iThemes Security or WordFence, which has a feature that allows you to hide the fact that you’re using WordPress.

XML-RPC is a remote procedure call (RPC) protocol which uses XML to encode the data. It allows software running on disparate operating systems to communicate with each other easily, including such tasks as remotely posting content to a blog or retrieving data from a server. While XML-RPC is a very handy tool, it can also be a security risk.

If you’re not using XML-RPC, then there’s no reason to have it enabled on your WordPress site. Hackers can use XML-RPC to mount brute force attacks and DDoS attacks. So it’s best to disable xmlrpc.php in WordPress if you’re not using it.

Disable file editing in the WordPress dashboard.

Not using WordPress for your website? Then no don’t need to worry about this. 

But if you are, it’s important to know that editing files in the WordPress dashboard can leave your site vulnerable to attack. Hackers can easily edit files and add malware or malicious code to your site if you’re not careful.

To prevent this, you can disable file editing in the WordPress dashboard to make it more difficult for hackers to edit your files and add malicious code to your site. To do this, you need to add the following line of code to your wp-config.php file:

Once you’ve added this line of code, you must save the file and upload it to your WordPress site to disable file editing in the WordPress dashboard and help keep your site more secure.

If you’re not comfortable adding this code to your wp-config.php file, you can also install a security plugin like Wordfence. This plugin will add this code to your wp-config.php file for you and help keep your WordPress site more secure.

So if you’re using WordPress, disable file editing in the WordPress dashboard or install a security plugin to keep your site secured like Wordfence.

Restrict the use of special characters from any user input

User input can be filtered to remove special characters commonly used for hacking attacks. That helps to secure the website from potential hackers. Special characters are removed by using the input sanitization function of WordPress to strip out any potentially harmful characters from user input, helping keep the website safe from attack.

When you install WordPress, the default admin account is created with the username “admin” and a blank password. This account is a security risk as easy to hack. To secure your WordPress site, you should consider deleting the default admin account and creating a new account with a strong password.

If you have already created the account with the username “admin” during WordPress install, you can change your username by following these instructions.

Write how-to change WordPress admin username in the database

Limit WordPress user permissions & Login

WordPress security is of utmost importance, especially when limiting user permissions. By giving users too many permissions, you risk them wreaking havoc on your website – either by accident or on purpose. Luckily, a few plugins can help you limit user permissions.

Secure your login procedures

One popular plugin, Limit Login Attempts, allows limiting the number of login attempts a user can make, preventing them from brute-forcing their way into your site. Another great plugin is User Role Editor. This plugin lets you fine-tune which users have which permissions, making it easy to lock down your website.

Log user activity

Log user activity is another important aspect of WordPress security. You can quickly spot any malicious activity by tracking who is accessing your site and what they are doing. Some plugins can help you with this, such as WP Audit Log and Better WP Security. These plugins will log all user activity, making it easy.

Strong Password

Using strong passwords is one way to secure your WordPress website without plugins. You should also ensure that you use a strong WordPress login password.

Make sure passwords are long enough with a variety of characters. A strong password is 12 characters long and includes a mix of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols. 

Or try to use a password manager like LastPass or Dashlane to help generate and store strong passwords.

Another best method to secure your WordPress website is using two-factor authentication for an extra layer of security.

Conduct regular WordPress security scans

Malware and virus scan codes detect malware or viruses on a computer or website. These codes are used by security software to determine whether a file is safe or not. There are a few different types of malware and virus scan codes, each of which is used to detect a specific type of malware or virus.

The signatures-based scan is the most common type of malware and virus scan code. This type of scan looks for specific patterns in files that are known to be associated with malware or viruses. If a file contains one of these patterns, the security software will flag it as potentially malicious.

Another type of malware and virus scan code is the heuristics-based scan. This type of scan looks for general characteristics associated with malware or viruses. For example, a file may be flagged as potentially malicious if it is unusually large or contains code typically used by malware.

Finally, there is the behavioral-based scan. This type of scan looks at the behavior of a file to determine if it is potentially malicious. For example, a file may be flagged as potentially malicious if it tries to access sensitive data on your computer or modifies system files.

It is important to note that no single type of malware and virus scan code is perfect. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. It is advised to use a combination of different scan codes to maximize the chances of detecting all potential threats.

Schedule regular WordPress backups

Regular backups of your WordPress website are one of the most important things you can do to secure it. By making regular backups, you can ensure that you can quickly restore your site if it is ever hacked or otherwise compromised.

There are a few different ways to backup your WordPress website. One popular option is to use the WordPress Backup Plugin. This plugin automates backing up your WordPress site and makes it easy to restore your site if something goes wrong.

Of course, securing WordPress doesn’t stop at plugins. You can make a few server-side tweaks, as well as some changes inside WordPress. 

 

4. Update PHP Version & Latest WordPress

For example, you should always ensure that your WordPress installation is up to date. Whenever a new version of WordPress is released, it includes security fixes for any vulnerabilities that have been discovered. Keeping your WordPress installation up to date can help protect your website from hackers.

WordPress themes and plugins

Also, keep updating your themes and plugins whenever a new version is released. Most theme and plugin developers include security fixes in their new releases, so it is important to have the themes and plugins up to date. You can usually update them from within WordPress, making it quick and easy to get the latest security fixes.

Securing your WordPress website is important, and there are different things you can do to help protect it. Some of the best ways are to secure your WordPress site from hackers. We have also looked at how you can use plugins to help improve security. Finally, we have outlined some tips for securing WordPress from the server-side. Following the advice in this article can help keep your WordPress website safe from hackers.

Hackers also keep finding new ways and methods to exploit websites. That keeps us updated with the current security trend, methods, and news and ensures your website is as secure as possible. WordPress security is an ongoing process, but by taking the steps outlined in this article, you can help keep your site safe.

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